What is Speech?
Speech is defined as how we say sounds and words. This includes:
- Articulation: how we use our articulators (mouth, lips, tongue) to make speech sounds
- Voice: how we use our vocal folds and breath to make sounds
- Fluency: the rhythm of our speech
What is Language?
Language is defined as the words we use and how we use them to share our thoughts and ideas. This includes:
- Receptive Language: the ability to understand language. This includes understanding what words mean, how to make new words, how to put words together and knowing what to say depending on the environment and context we are communicating in. Receptive language not only encompasses understanding of words and vocabulary but is also responsible for the ability to understand gestures, follow instructions, understand stories and age-appropriate reading material, answer questions, point out objects and more.
- Expressive Language: the ability to express one’s thoughts, ideas, wants and needs through speech, writing, gestures, sign, or AAC.
Here are a few areas that Speech-Language Pathologists can work on with your child:
- Speech Production
- Motor planning and execution
- Language: spoken and written language (listening, processing, speaking, reading, writing, pragmatics)
- Phonology: study of the speech sound system of a language, including the rules for combining and using speech sounds.
- Syntax: the rules that pertain to the ways in which words can be combined to form sentences in a language.
- Semantics; the meaning of words and combinations of words in a language
- Pragmatics: the rules associated with the use of language in conversation and broader social situations.
- Prelinguistic communication (e.g., joint attention, intentionality, communicative signaling)
- Paralinguistic communication (e.g., gestures, signs, body language)
- Literacy (reading, writing, spelling)
- Problem Solving
- Voice and Resonance
- Phonation quality
- Hypernasality and hyponasality
Collaboration is a critical component of speech-language pathology as well. SLP’s support, educate and collaborate with caregivers, teachers and other clinicians to implement strategies for supporting their clients across environments. Additionally, SLP’s coach families about strategies and supports for facilitating their child’s prelinguistic and linguistic communication skills.
Wondering if your child may benefit from speech therapy? Click HERE to view our speech and language checklist to determine if your child is meeting developmental markers.